Hepatitis is medical condition defined by swelling and inflammation of the liver. The hepatitis condition can be self-limiting (healing on its own), or can lead to scarring which called as cirrhosis and also possible lead to cancer. The type of hepatitis is named for the virus that causes it; for example, hepatitis A, hepatitis B or hepatitis C.
Causes of Hepatitis Disease
Hepatitis disease can be caused by ;
- Liver damage from alcohol, drugs, or poisonous mushrooms
- Immune cells in the body attacking the liver and causing autoimmune hepatitis
- Infections from viruses (such as hepatitis A, B, or C), bacteria, or parasites
- Medications, such as an overdose of acetaminophen/paracetamol, which can be deadly
Some other medicine also can damage the liver such as methyldopa for high blood pressure, isoniazid for tuberculosis, valproate and phenytoin for seizure's treatment, and including antibiotics (trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole and erythromycin). Hepatitis is acute when it lasts less than six months and chronic when it persists longer.
Symptom of Hepatitis Disease
Hepatitis may occur with limited or no symptoms, but often leads to jaundice (yellowing of the skin and eyes), anorexia (poor appetite), vomiting, abdominal pain, dark urine, Diarrhea, malaise. and extreme fatigue. Hepatitis may start and get better quickly (acute hepatitis), or cause long-term disease (chronic hepatitis).
Hepatitis disease type A is usually short-term and does not lead to chronic liver problems. But patient with hepatitis B or C event they don't have symptom, the hepatitis can develop liver failure. Symptomatic individuals may present after convalescent stage of 7 to 10 days, with the total illness lasting 2 to 6 weeks.
Signs and tests of hepatitis disease will begin from physical examination, how the liver it self (Enlarged and tender). In the abdomen area the doctor will see the ascites (Fluid in the abdomen), and of course will see the skin about jaundice. Diagnose of hepatitis disease may appear on the laboratory test such as :
- Liver function tests
- Autoimmune blood markers
- Hepatitis virus serologies
- Abdominal ultrasound
- Paracentesis if fluid is in your abdomen
- Liver biopsy to check for liver damage
In the women who diagnose as autoimmune hepatitis, may appear symptom like Acne, abnormal menstruation, lung scarring, inflammation of the thyroid gland and kidneys. The white blood cells attack the liver, causing chronic inflammation and damage.
Hepatitis disease type D is only present in people already infected with hepatitis B, these case more happened in Europe country. Hepatitis type E is generally a mild and acute infection, has a fecal-oral transmission route. Hepatitis E is very rare, It is caught by putting something in your mouth that has been contaminated with the faeces of someone with hepatitis E.
Treatment of Hepatitis Disease
Treatment of hepatitis disease depend on causes of liver disease. The doctor will recommend a high-calorie diet to the patient those losing weight, drink plenty of fluids, and bed rest. Hepatitis B and Hepatitis C may need some antiviral drug therapy, combination between pegylated interferon and ribavirin. In Serious liver disease, Liver transplantation may be indicated for patients with severe cirrhosis or for patients with liver cancer that has not spread beyond the liver.
Disease and Treatment @ 10:55 PM,