Most cases of Zika have no symptoms, but when present they are usually mild and can resemble dengue fever. Zika virus disease has ben recorded in Americas, Africa, Asia and the Pacific. As of 25 August 2016, 70 countries and territories have reported evidence of mosquito-borne Zika virus transmission since 2007. In the region of Asia, Ministry of Health Singapore confirmed that the Zika virus found in 41 patient. From these cases, 36 were identified through active testing of potentially infected persons.
The incubation period of Zika virus disease is not clear, but is likely to be a few days. Symptoms may include fever, red eyes, joint pain, headache, skin rashes, malaise, and a maculopapular rash. These symptoms are usually mild and last for 2-7 days.
Zika infection during pregnancy can cause a birth defect of the brain called microcephaly and other severe fetal brain defects. In rare cases, Zika has been linked to Guillain-Barre syndrome (an uncommon sickness of the nervous system in which a person’s own immune system damages the nerve cells, causing muscle weakness, and sometimes, paralysis).
As information above, The Zika virus is spread by mosquitoes. So, Protection against mosquito bites is a key measure to prevent Zika virus infection. Mosquitoes that spread Zika virus bite mostly during the day, but they can also bite at night. If your area has been report some one get this case, try to cover exposed skin by wearing long-sleeved shirts and long pants. If you are also using sunscreen, apply sunscreen first, let it dry, then apply insect repellent. Use a bed net if the area where you are sleeping is exposed to the outdoors.
Zika virus can be transmitted through sexual intercourse. We know that Zika can remain in semen longer than in other body fluids, including vaginal fluids, urine, and blood. For regions with no active transmission of Zika virus, WHO recommends practicing safer sex or abstinence for a period of 6 months to whom return from areas of active transmission to prevent Zika virus infection through sexual intercourse.
There is currently no specific treatment for Zika virus infection. People sick with Zika virus should get plenty of rest, drink enough fluids, and treat the symptom like pain and fever with common medicines. There is currently no vaccine available.
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